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The Italian island of Giglio: witness of an almost second Titanic.
Italians are quite superstitious, but is it only by sheer coincidence that such a huge disaster happened on Friday the 13th? In fact, that date is considered by Italians a day of misfortune and in this case the accident happened right on the day.
Italy and America have a lot in common when it comes to their sailing history and I am not only thinking of the shipping of Italian emigrants to American shores in the early 1900s. The disaster of the Italian cruise ship Costa Concordia has been compared to that of the Titanic, which sunk at 1000 miles from Boston in 1912.
Historic Connection Between North East England And Monte Amiata, Tuscany
A most intriguing fact has been brought to my attention, and one that I feel slightly ashamed, maybe, for not having known before. Can you name the important historic connection between Anglo-Saxon North East England and Monte Amiata in Tuscany? It's known as The Codex Amiatinus and actually happens to be one of the most treasured pieces of historic work in existence.
The figure of Enrico Mattei is one of the most intriguing in modern Italian history, and perhaps in the world in general, as he changed the economic balance in the Middle East, as well as relations between America, Russia and Europe. Mattei worked in a very sensitive business: oil. He created a new world of demand and supply, affecting an established system in ways that would change it forever, but which would prove to be deadly for him. Oil is a crucial element in the global balance of power, as we know today, and today it is still a fulcrum of control for global economic, political and cultural exchanges.
Many women played key roles in the Italian Risorgimento: some fought with the soldiers, others held secret meetings or helped important men raise funds. Some became nurses, or took charge of hospitals. These fiery women were mostly well-educated and somewhat liberated. Some were even rebellious members of the aristocracy.
Two women who played important roles in the unification of Italy are Margaret Fuller and Princess Cristina Belgiojoso.
Margaret Fuller, an extremely well-educated American, studied Latin and Shakespeare from an early age. She spoke fluent French, Italian and Greek before she turned 15. When she came of age, she taught at a school run by Bronson Alcott, Louisa May's father.
The land of Italy has an ancient history that stretches back nearly 3,000 years, and that has been home to civilizations that have shaped the Western World as we now know it. It is surprising for some, especially considering that Italy is widely recognized a jewel of history and art, that Italy as a unified republic is still quite a new idea. Modern Italy is one of the youngest nations in the world, having become unified in 1861 and a republic only in 1946, after World War II.
In recent years secret societies have gained cachet with the general public. From Yale's Skull and Bones to the Freemasons and the Knights Templar, movies and literature have been rife with these groups. Taking into account Italy's rich and varied history it is not a surprise that the country has been home to many secret societies, some of which are still in activity.
The 19th century was a time of great change for Italy as the modern world emerged. The most prominent events of this time however, revolve around the rise of the Italian unification movement. Known as the Risorgimento, it was the social and political process that eventually succeeded in the unification of many different states into the modern nation of Italy.
The birth of television and La Dolce Vita
From a cultural viewpoint, the years after World War II began the transformation of Italy into the modern country we know today. Freed from the fascist regime of the past, many artists could now fully express themselves. Even though moral standards and censorship still remained very high, the country began a process that succeeded in creating the traditional laid back lifestyle of today’s Italy.
The Western Roman Empire was in steep delince by the 5th century AD and with this started the new historical age for Italy. The last centuries of the Western Empire encompass what is known as Late Antiquity but the later centuries after the fall of Rome are often known as the Dark Ages. The ways of the Roman Empire would continue in the East, but Italy would now be occupied by the barbarian tribes like the Goths and Lombards.
The 1990s in Italy were very different from life in the previous decade. Like in many other parts of the world the 80s were a time of fun, excess and luxury in Italy. The latter part of the 1980s topped the seemingly unlimited economical growth of the country and marked the apparent transformation of Italy from an agricultural country to one based on modern industry and service. In those years Milan affirmed itself as the social and economical capital of Italy with designers, artists and fashion gurus congregating on the city to open stores and galleries. After a famous TV spot aired the city even become known as Milano da Bere, the Italian capital of the aperitif ritual. When in the early 1990s the Mani Pulite ("Clean Hands") operation started uncovering a web of corruption centered in Milan it was a shock for the entire country.
The 1970s in Italy were years of social and political commitment throughout the country. The decade opened with the proclamation on the law on divorce, in 1970, and ended with the law on abortion, in 1978. Both laws where hot topics of debate, followed by referendum votes that split the population of Italy. Worker’s strikes and terrorist activities dotted the 70s and everybody had a political point of view on almost any subject.
Italian feminist protests in 1976
Music of the 1970’s
Please look at the excellent article Italians in WWII by Justin Demetri
The newly unified nation of Italy faced several serious problems. It had a very large debt, few natural resources, and almost no transportation or industries. This combined along with a high ratio of poverty, illiteracy, and an uneven tax structure, weighed heavily on the people of the country. Regionalism had still been strong at the time, only a small fraction of Italians had voting rights. The Pope was also angry because of the loss of the city of Rome and the Papal States and so refused to recognize the state of Italy.
As the Italian Renaissance spread throughout Europe, the next wave of innovation in art, culture and science was emerging. The 17th and the 18th centuries in the history of Italy are considered part of the early modern period. However this period, at least the first half, is often closely associated with the dominant artistic and architectural movement known as Baroque.
In the time after Rome known popularly as the Dark Ages, Italy faced great hardship due to the Byzantine and Lombard struggles for the Italian penninsula and the collapse of Mediterranean trade. Town life in early medieval Italy consisted of basic houses and with the town dwellers growing their own food, which helped towns and administrative centers maintaining a level of civilization in a dark time.
The great, ancient civilization of Rome is without a doubt one of the mightiest and most influential of all the cultures that came before and after. There were few things the Romans did not master. Today we look back and marvel at how, in fields ranging from engineering to warfare, the mighty Romans were before their time.