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Oriana Fallaci: a Tuscan journalist in New York
Oriana Fallaci was a famous Italian journalist born in Florence in June 29th,1929. She became famous thanks to the cultural and intellectual contribution she gave in the course of her life and also after her death, which took place in September 15th, 2006.
Oriana Fallaci had a very strong personality that emerged since her youth; in fact, she followed the path of her father, Edoardo Fallaci, and joined the Resistenza in order to end the dictatorship of Italian fascist leader Benito Mussolini. Thanks to her activism, the Italian Army gave her a certificate for valor.
Her journalistic career began with the cooperation with an Italian newspaper, Il Mattino dell'Italia Centrale, in 1946. From that moment, she went on working as a special correspondent in dangerous zones of the world, and being shot three times.
Described by many as a living canvas and mainly known as the birthplace of the Renaissance, sophisticated Florence is impressive with its grand palaces, beautiful churches and priceless art collections. It is not for nothing that Florence epitomizes the wealth and extravagance befitting a European cultural capital. Yet this is not the greater story. It would be rash to conclude that Florence is simply the centre of some of the greatest artistic and architectural achievements of early Renaissance Europe. In my opinion, there is something infinitely more important.
Alessandro Manzoni is an Italian poet and novelist best known for his lyric poem Il Cinque Maggio, which is an ode on the death of Napoleon, and his novel I promessi sposi or translated as The Betrothed.
Before William Shakespeare and Geoffrey Chaucer, there was the man who both inspired and influenced much of their work: Giovanni Boccaccio. Boccaccio composed ground-breaking literary works during his lifetime that built the foundation for literature today. His poems and epics written in Italian and Latin became classics that would endure for hundreds of years and influence the path that literature would take in the years following his life.
"In my younger days I struggled constantly with an overwhelming but pure love affair - my only one, and I would have struggled with it longer had not premature death, bitter but salutary for me, extinguished the cooling flames. I certainly wish I could say that I have always been entirely free from desires of the flesh, but I would be lying if I did." -Petrarch
Francesco Petrarca is one of the most famous figures in Italian literature. Widely known today as Francis Petrarch, he became an innovative scholar, poet, and humanist that influenced literature for centuries. Petrarca has been admired for his emotional sonnets and his intriguing thoughts on culture, but most of all, he sparked wonder in the hearts of scholars all over the world with his works describing the forbidden love of his life, a woman named Laura.
Ludovico Ariosto (1474-1533) was born on September 8th at Reggio Emilia (a town in North Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region). Born to Niccolo Ariosto (a commander of the citadel of Reggio), he studied law in his earlier years. Then, after five years of law study, he began to study classical literature under the mentoring of Gregorio da Spoleto. Ariosto was going to study Greek as well as Latin, but missed this opportunity when his teacher was sent to France to tutor Francesco Sforza.