Camillo Golgi won for medicine "in recognition of his work on the structure of the nervous system." Giosue' Carducci won in literature "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces."
Ernesto Teodoro Moneta won the peace Nobel Prize.
Guglielmo Marconi won for physics "in recognition of his contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy."
Grazia Deledda won in literature "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general."
Luigi Pirandello won in literature "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art."
Enrico Fermi won in physics "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons."
Italian-Swiss Daniel Bovet won for medicine "for his discoveries relating to synthetic compounds that inhibit the action of certain body substances, and especially their action on the vascular system and the skeletal muscles."
Emilio Gino Segre' won in physics "for his discovery of the antiproton."
Salvatore Quasimodo won in literature "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times."
Giulio Natta won in chemistry "for his discoveries in the field of the chemistry and technology of high polymers."
2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology orMedicine to Mario R. Capecchi.
Salvador E. Luria won in medicine "for his discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses."
Renato Dulbecco won in medicine "for his discoveries concerning the interaction between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell". Eugenio Montale won in literature "for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions."
Carlo Rubbia won in physics "for his decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction."
Riccardo Giacconi, Nobel Laureate in Physics 2002.
Franco Modigliani won in economics "for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets."
Rita Levi Montalcini won in medicine "for her discoveries of growth factors."
William Philips won in physics "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light."
Dario Fo' won in literature as the one "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden."
Louis Ignaro won in medicine "for his discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system."
Riccardo Giacconi won in physics "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources."
Mario Capecchi won in medicine "for his discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells."