Grammar

Friday, June 1st, 2012
Accents in Italian   Mp3 Audio: It look's like you don't have Adobe Flash Player installed. Get it now. Frasi di aiuto - Help In the Italian language accents (accenti) are used to indicate where the voice should fall with more force when pronouncing a word; therefore in Italian words we distinguish tonic syllables (where the accent falls) and atonic syllables. In Italian accent marks are used for vowels only. You may have observed that in many cases accented
Friday, June 1st, 2012
    Summer is here and many people find themselves travelling from place to place. If you’re trying to describe your movements in Italian then it’s important to know all about prepositions of place. The words listed above are all examples of prepositions in Italian that indicate location—where a person, place or thing is or where the noun is going. When considering these prepositions we have to ask: Dove? Where? IN = It is used to speak about places, countries or regions. The
Friday, June 1st, 2012
NOUNS IN ITALIAN (i nomi / sostantivi) Nouns are the labels we attach to people, animals, things, abstract concepts, actions or facts and that let us distinguish a person, an animal, a thing, etc. from another one. THE GENDER OF NOUNS IN ITALIAN All nouns have a Gender. In Italian there are only 2 genders: masculine and feminine. There is no a neuter gender. Human beings and common domestic animals have a masculine noun if they are male or a feminine one if they are female. The
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The adverb is a part of a speech that doesn't change (invariable). The adverb modifies the meaning of an other word (generally a verb).Normally the adverb stays after the verb or before an adjective.   Examples:Maria mangia molto.( In this case the adverb comes after the verb)Maria è molto bella.  ( In this case the adverb comes before the adjective)   In English, adverbs are often formed by adding the suffix -ly to adjectives: slowly, softly, surely. Adverbs often answer the question:
Friday, June 1st, 2012
  A relative pronoun links two clauses, a dependent proposition to a previous proposition, taking the place of a name or a thing and establishing a relationship between the two. The relative pronoun, in referring to a person, place or thing, is used to avoid repetition. In English, relative pronouns are who, whom, which, whose, and that. In spoken English the relative pronoun is often missed, so for many Italian can be hard to learn and understand. Take this example, for instance: "That is
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The absence of a neutral use of 'you' in Italian   By comparing Italian and English we can detect a difference in the use of pronouns. If English recurs to a neutral use of  the pronoun 'you', which is chosen for both  the second person singular and plural, Italian requires different pronouns, depending on the addressee. The single word 'you' has two main translations in Italian: tu and voi. However, there is a third option used in a formal context to mark the distance between the
Friday, June 1st, 2012
ITALIAN PRONOUNS (pronomi) THE PRONOUNS in ITALIAN   Pronouns are used, above all, to replace a noun as a way to avoid repetitions, but they can also replace adjectives,  verbs, other pronouns and even whole phrases.   Examples: Pensavo che tu fossi cattivo e invece non lo sei (I thought you were bad but you are not) Ha bevuto e lo racconta a tutti (He is drunk and tell this to everyone) Dov’è la mia borsa? Non lo so  (Where is my bag? I don’t know) PERSONAL PRONOUNS  
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Negative Sentences  in Italian In English the purpose of a negative statement is to express a negation, which is to say that something is incorrect or untrue. In order to create a negative sentence a negative adverb is included before the first auxiliary verb in a positive sentence, if there is no auxiliary verb then one needs to be added in order to create a proper negative statement. An example of a Present Simple positive sentence without an auxiliary verb is "I see," to make this into a
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Complements in Italian can be a bit tricky for those learning the language. Several verbs in English that require complements after them don't in Italian and vice versa. Complements are generally used in a sentence to provide additional information to the listener or reader. It is an element of the proposition or sentence that complete or modifies the meaning of other elements, indicating different circumstances. Complements can be used with a verb, noun or adjective. Some examples of
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The name or (substantive) sostantivo is the variable part of the speech that indicates a person, a thing, or animal. Gender of the Nouns (Genere dei Nomi)- As in the other modern Romance languages, the nouns in Italian are either of masculine or of feminine gender.Usually, the nouns in -o are  masculine and those in -a (-tà) are feminine, cf.: Masculines in -o Feminines in -a (-tà)tavolo table  sviluppo development  organismo organism  casa house  rosa rose  città city · The words eco echo,
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Read on to find out all about the use of indefinite pronouns and adjectives in Italian. First things first, what is a pronoun? It is a variable word that can take the place of a noun (person, place or thing). And what is an adjective? It is also a variable word, which can modify a noun. Indefinite pronouns or adjectives indicate, in an unspecified manner, a quality or quantity related to the noun they are replacing or accompanying. Examples of indefinite pronouns in English include some, enough
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Learn Some Important Adverbs to Help You Discuss Time in Italy   When learning about how to speak about "the time" in Italian we must first look at the adverbs that are linked to such discussions. An adverb is the invariable part of speech that determines, changes or modifies the meaning of the verb to which it refers. The name adverb comes from the Latin "adverbium" which means close to the verb or to the word. Adverbs of time are used to indicate the period of time in which certain actions
Friday, June 1st, 2012
ADJECTIVES (aggettivi) THE COMPARATIVE DEGREE   With the comparative degree we intend to describe a noun, a pronoun, or a verb by comparing it to another one.     The comparative degree is formed by putting the words “più” (more) or “meno” (less) before the adjective and by putting the words “di” (than) or “che” (than) after the adjective.   We use the comparative form introduced by “più” (more) when the quality expressed by the adjective is more relevant in the first term of
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Mp3 Audio:  It look's like you don't have Adobe Flash Player installed. Get it now.Frasi di aiuto - Help AudioPlayer.embed("mp3player_1", {soundFile: "../mp3/interrogative-pronouns-adverbs.mp3"}); Interrogative Pronouns and Adverbs in Italian    Interrogative Pronouns Modern English has five interrogative pronouns--what, which, who, whose, and whom--that are used to facilitate the asking of a question and that
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Chi, Che, Quale, Quanto In Italian, as in English, we use an interrogative pronoun to introduce a question. Examples of these are: About person: CHI?  =  Who? (invariable, subject and complement) About things: CHE?  = What? (invariable, subject and complement that corresponds to "che cosa?") Note: Often in spoken Italian we only use "cosa" as in "Cosa stai facendo?" or "What are you doing?" rather than "Che cosa stai facendo?" About quality: QUALE-I? = Which? (For questions relating to
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Basics on idiomsAn idiom is an expression that can not be translated litteraly from English to Italian or vice versa. For example the expression "faccio il biglietto" litteraly translated from Italian to English would read: "I do the ticket". However, what the person is really trying to say is: I am buying a ticket. I Do the ticket makes no sense in English! Below are some common idioms with the verb "fare" which means to do or make. fare i compiti to do one's homework fare il
Friday, June 1st, 2012
A preposition is used to join pronouns, nouns and phrases to words in a sentence; the object is the word or phrase introduced by the preposition. Usually a preposition indicates the location of the object it is linking to the rest of the sentence (spacial) or explains when it is taking place (temporal). For example, "The glass is on the table" or "She texted during class." Common prepositions in English include about, across, after, behind, below, beside, but, despite, during, except, from, in
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Mp3 Audio:  It look's like you don't have Adobe Flash Player installed. Get it now.Frasi di aiuto - Help AudioPlayer.embed("mp3player_1", {soundFile: "../mp3//grammatica-intro.mp3"}); Learning Italian Grammatica italiana: La grammatica è il sistema in cui è organizzata una lingua e senza la quale la lingua sarebbe in uno stato di confusione totale. La grammatica italiana si è evoluta dal latino fino ai nostri giorni ed
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Learn Italian : ARTICLES (Articoli) In Italian, as in English, there are definite articles (articoli determinativi) and indefinite articles (articoli indeterminativi). There is also a third type of articles called partitive articles (articoli partitivi). All articles agree in gender and number with the substantive they refer to. Note: In Italian there are only two genders: the masculine and the feminine. For more information see the lesson: “The nouns”. DEFINITE ARTICLE The definite
Friday, June 1st, 2012
It's very important to know the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used, so if  you want to write well, you must use punctuation correctly. In written, punctuation is vital to clear up the meaning of the sentence. The rules of punctuation vary with language, location and time and are constantly evolving. Unlike in English, punctuation such as commas and periods are placed outside the quote marks when writing in Italian. For example: "Leggo questo libro da molto tempo".
Friday, June 1st, 2012
A pronoun is a variable part of speech that replaces a noun. (Noun = a person, place or thing). Pronouns like "he," "which" or "you" are used to make sentences simpler and less repetitive. An adjective is a variable part of speech used to modify or describe nouns. Demonstrative pronouns and adjectives indicate or point to a noun or pronoun, relating them in space and time. For example, in English "this" and "these" refer to nouns that are close in time or space while "those" and "that"
Friday, June 1st, 2012
In Italian all nouns have what is called gender...that means that they are either masculine or feminine. Most nouns that end in "o" are masculine and most nouns that end in "a" are feminine.   Examples of masculine words: treno, amico, panino Examples of feminine words: amica, lira, studentessa If a noun ends in "e" it can be either masculine or feminine and you must memorize the gender of the word. Examples: The word caffè is masculine but the word notte is feminine. Most nouns
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Both "ci" and "ne" are pronouns which means that they take the place of nouns. "Ci" is ofen times used in order to say "there". It often times replaces phrases with the word "a" in them. Vado alla scuola = I go to the school. BUT Ci vado = I go there. Ci replaced "a" and "la scuola" (they are now gone) Vai in Italia = you go to Italy. BUT Ci vai = you go there. __________________________________________________ ________ Ne is used with quantities or how many of something you have. It
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Explaining and understanding the use of prepositions in Italian isn't always easy, but today we will begin to delve into the issue by explaining the use of the preposition A. A preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence. In Italian we normally use the preposition A with cities and islands ("Domani vado a Ischia") or before a direct object ("Io scrivo a Carlo"). It is also used with different verbs (andare a or fermarsi a) or with phrases that have a particular meaning (
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Adjectives describe, qualify or modify nouns and pronouns. They can also be descriptive when describing the noun in detail by assigning an attribute to that noun. In English adjectives generally come before the noun they modify, in Italian they come after. In Italian the adjective and noun must also have to agree in number and gender. Adjectives precede the noun when the adjectives indicate a valuation, impression or a judgment of the speaker. These are known as accessory adjectives (words
Friday, June 1st, 2012
ADJECTIVES (aggettivi) Adjectives are the part of speech that is added to a noun to describe it or to determine it more precisely. Adjectives have not an independent existence, but must always be used together with the noun to which they refer. The adjective, in relation to the noun to which it refers, has two basic functions: 1) Attributive function: When the adjective is part of the group of the noun and it is joined directly to that noun. Examples: Il libro rosso
Friday, June 1st, 2012
In both English and Italian suffixes, the end part of a word added to change or alter the word's meaning, can be used to describe the noun in a sentence. In the Italian language the suffix has to be compatible with the noun's gender and number or value. Here you will find an explanation of the different type of suffixes--diminutive, comparative, and superlative forms--that can be used in Italian.   DIMINUTIVE Diminutive forms are used to indicate a noun is small or, in the case of
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Possessive pronouns and adjectives are used in both English and Italian to indicate the ownership of a noun. Possessive pronouns express a relation between a noun and who possesses it, and are used alone, in the place of the noun. The six possessive pronouns in Italian all refer to a person/people. Possessive adjectives in Italian correspond to the English words "my," "your," "its," "his," "her," "their" and "our." Both possessive pronouns and adjectives and generally used in compound forms
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Conjunctions are words that link one word to another and without them the first part of a sentence would appear disconnected from the end. Conjunctions are invariable parts of speech, so called because they join and connect words or clauses. There are two kinds of conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions (and, so, or, but, also, only), which connect two sentences or two words, and subordinating conjunctions (when, why, while, once), which are used to join two sentences where 
Friday, June 1st, 2012
ITALIAN PRONOUNS (pronomi) - Part 2 2. OBJECT PRONOUNS Object pronouns are used as object of the verb and can be direct or indirect. Direct object pronouns answer the questions "Chi?" or "Che cosa?" ("Whom?" or "What?"). Examples: Io chiamo Piero = Io lo chiamo ( I call Piero = I call him) Io mangio la mela = Io la mangio (I eat the apple = I eat it) Indirect object pronouns answer the questions "A chi?" or "A che cosa?" ("To whom? / for whom?"  or "To what?"). Examples