Name in Italian grammar

Names in Italian Grammer, Learn Italian

The name or (substantive) sostantivo is the variable part of the speech that indicates a person, a thing, or animal.

Gender of the Nouns (Genere dei Nomi)
- As in the other modern Romance languages, the nouns in Italian are either of masculine or of feminine gender.
Usually, the nouns in -o are  masculine and those in -a (-tà) are feminine, cf.:

Masculines in -o Feminines in -a (-tà)
tavolo table 
sviluppo development 
organismo organism 
casa house 
rosa rose 
città city


· The words eco echo, mano hand and others are feminine.
- Many words ending in -a (mainly in -ta and -ma) are masculine; these are usually  of Greek origin.
- The words in -tà ended formerly in -tate.
- There are a few feminine nouns, like spia spy, guàrdia guard etc., that refers usually to male persons.


The nouns in -e may be masculine or feminine. Those referring to males are masculine and those referring to females are feminine, cf.:
For the nouns that denote inanimate objects gender seems randomly assigned and it is to be memorized:

Masculine Feminine
amore love 
codice code 
cuore heart 
giudice judge 
latte milk 
mare sea 
mese month 
sole sun 
arte art 
corte court, yard 
croce cross 
fede faith 
legge law 
luce light 
pace peace 
voce voice


Often the gender may be recognized by the suffixes.


Nouns ending in -tore / -sore (agent; often corresponding to E. -tor, -sor), -ore (abstract nouns; often corresponding to BE. -our), -ione (agent etc.; often = E. -ion), -one (augmentative = E. -on) etc. are masculine:
autore author, dittatore dictator;
precursore precursor;
colore colour, onore honor, orrore horror, sapore taste, umore mood, humour;
campione champion, ladrone brigand;
cannone cannon, milione million, padrone master, owner.


Nouns ending in -trice (agent), -tudine  (corresponding to E. -tude), -zione (-sione) / -gione (corresponding to E. -tion (-sion) / -son), etc. are feminine:
imperatrice empress;
altitudine height, magnitudine magnitude;
nazione nation, visione vision, ragione reason, stagione season.


Feminine of the Nouns (Femminile dei Nomi)
Feminine is often obtained from masculine by the alternation -o : -a in the endings, cf.:

Masculine Feminine
amico friend 
bambino little boy  
cugino cousin (he) 
figlio son 
maestro master, teacher 
orso he-bear 
ragazzo boy 
zio uncle 
amica friend 
bambina little girl 
cugina cousin (she) 
figlia daughter 
maestra teacher (female) 
orsa she-bear 
ragazza girl 
zia aunt 

The alteration -e : -a also occurs, cf.:

MasculineFeminine
signore mister 
padrone master, owner 
signora mistress 
padrona mistress of the house 

Nouns of common gender (Nomi di genere comune)


These are nouns with one form for both genders. Here are included:
1. All the nouns suffixed by -ista, cf.:
artista artist
giornalista journalist
pianista pianist turista tourist etc.


2. Some other nouns, like:

camerata comrade 
compatriota compatriot 
eresiarca heresiarch 
idiota idiot 
omicida murderer 
patriot(t)a patriot 
amante lover 
cliente client 
commerciante trader 
consorte consort 
erede heir 
interprete interpreter 
martire martyr 
nipote nephew, niece 
rivale rival 
testimone witness 
etc.   These are nouns used in singular only. The most important between them are:

1. The proper names:
Giovanni John, Maria Mary, Roma Rome, Italia Italy etc.

2. Nouns, designating objects and phenomena unique in themselves, such as:
il sole sun
la luna moon
il sud south
il nord north
l'orizzonte horizon

3. Nouns, designating substances, materials, products etc.:
il latte milk
il carbone coal
il frumento wheat   The name or substantive ( sostantivo) can be also:   -    common name: it means a  animal, a thing of generic meaning, for example: nice, horse,nephew,giraffe,zebra, etc.

 

Article By Elisa Bressan

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