Verbs

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Verbs in Italian
Thursday, July 29TH, 2010 by admin
INTRO TO ITALIAN VERBS AND CONIUGATIONS Mp3 Audio: It look's like you don't have Adobe Flash Player installed. Get it now. //--> Learning Italian I verbi hanno un ruolo fondamentale nel meccanismo delle frasi. Non può esserci una frase con significato compiuto senza il verbo. Attorno ad esso si organizzano i diversi elementi che servono ad esprimere un’idea. In questa sezione imparerete a usare i verbi italiani, utilizzando le forme semplici e complesse, i verbi attivi e passivi e come riconoscere e utilizzare i diversi tempi e coniugazioni, come il tempo presente e la...
Passato Prossimo in Italian Grammar
Monday, July 19TH, 2010 by gorizia63
  For many learning Italian it's confusing as to when to use the passato prossimo (present perfect) rather than the past (passato). Things get even more complicated when you add geography into the equation. In the South of Italy you will find many people who use the passato when speaking, which while common is not correct. In the North, however, the majority of people will use the correct passato prossimo, which expresses the past. For example, many Southern Italians will say "ieri uscimmo a cena" to say "yesterday we went out to dinner." This is incorrect. The correct phrasing would be "...
Verbs: Mood and Tenses in Italian
Tuesday, May 25TH, 2010 by gorizia63
  A verb is an action word and a variable part of speech that depends on four elements: Subject Tense Mood Conjugations   Subject: Refers to the person (first, second, third, singular and plural). Tense: Reflects whether the action is taking place in the past, present or future. For example: "I'm eating the apple" or "I ate the apple" ("Io mangio la mela" or "Io mangiai la mela"). Conjugation: The correct conjugation of a verb is required to express the tense. Mood or Manner of Being: A verb inflection expressing how the action or state is conceived by the speaker and if the verb...
Reflexive Pronouns in Italian
Friday, April 02TH, 2010 by paolo
ITALIAN REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS The reflexive pronouns (i pronomi reflessivi), mi, ti, si, ci, vi, si, are identical in form to direct object pronouns, except for the third-person form si (which is the same in the singular and in the plural). The following table includes the reflexive pronouns in Italian. PERSON SINGULAR PLURALI mi (myself) ci (ourselves)II ti (yourself) vi (yourselves)III si (himself; herself; itself; yourself, formal) si (themselves; yourselves, formal)To see how reflexive pronouns work with reflexive verbs, see a sample conjugation of lavarsi (to wash oneself) in the...
Modal Verbs
Friday, March 26TH, 2010 by gorizia63
    Modal verbs are words used to give additional information about the main verb in a sentence, a verb being a word that expresses existence, action, or occurrence. In Italian the following words are modal verbs: Volere (to want to) - io voglio Potere (to be able to) - io posso Dovere (to have to) - io devo     Modal Verbs - Present Tense Io posso Tu puoi Egli può Noi possiamo Voi potete Essi possono Io voglio Tu vuoi Egli/ella vuole Noi vogliamo Voi volete Essi vogliono Io devo Tu devi Egli/ella deve Noi dobbiamo Voi dovete Essi devono   In Italian as in...
The Gerund Tense
Thursday, February 18TH, 2010 by gorizia63
Il Gerundio Il Gerundio nella lingua italiana esprime l'idea del verbo in funzione di complemento (di tempo, di modo, di mezzo, di causa ecc); es. Lavorando ( = col lavoro) mi guadagno la vita; Avendo sbagliato ( = A causa dello sbaglio) sono stati puniti. Il gerundio ha solo 2 tempi: presente e passato. Il presente ha il valore di ogni altro presente; la parte che cambia è la parte finale che si aggiunge alla radice del verbo: -ando per i verbi in -are; -endo per i verbi in -ere/-ire/- isc. Il gerundio passao è composto dall'ausiliare di avere/essere al presente del gerundio +...
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Thursday, February 18TH, 2010 by gorizia63
Verbs in Italian Grammar Il verbo può indicare un'azione che passa direttamente su un complemento detto oggetto o diretto come: Mangio il pane; Guardo la campagna, Rompo la noce, in cui l'idea di mangiare, del guardare, del rompere, non si può concepire senza quella dell'oggetto su cui ricadono queste azioni. Tali verbi si dicono TRANSITIVI perchè appunto l'azione passa dal soggetto sul complemento oggetto. Se il verbo indica una azione che, compiuta dal soggetto, resta in esso, come: io rido, tu dormi, si dice INTRANSITIVO. Certi verbi come incominciare, aumentare, rovinare, terminare,...
The Passive Voice
Friday, January 29TH, 2010 by gorizia63
Verbs can be active or passive voice. This means that when the subject of the verb does the action of the verb, we can say the verb is active, alternatively a verb is in the passive voice if the subject has the action of the verb made. The passive voice (la forma passiva) is a construction in which the direct object becomes the subject and the subject becomes the agent.   Only transitive verbs have passive form. The Italian passive voice is form exactly the same way as in English: the verb of the active sentence is turned into to be with the same tense) + the verb's past participle...
Conditional Perfect Tense
Tuesday, January 12TH, 2010 by ancos
The conditional perfect is a tense that is used to express the idea of "would have." Some examples of sentences in the conditional perfect in English are:1. I would have bought a house, but I didn't have the money.2. She woud have come but she was ill.Here is how you do it:1. You need the conditional tense of the verb Avere Avrei = I would haveAvresti = You (singular) would haveAvrebbe = he/she would haveAvremmo = We would haveAvreste = you (plural) would haveAvrebbero = They would have2. You need the past participle of the verb you are using.To form a past partciple, start from the...
Future Tense Part 3: Future Perfect
Friday, January 08TH, 2010 by ancos
The future perfect is a tense that is used to express the idea of "will have." Some examples of sentences in the future perfect in English are:1. By the time you arrive we will have already left= Ora che tu arrivi, io sarò già partito2. I will have already bought the car by the time you can loan me the money= Avrò già comprato la macchina ora che puoi imprestarmi i soldi.   Here is how you do it:1. You need the future tense of the verb Avere Avrò = I will haveAvrai = You (singular) will haveAvrà = he/she will haveAvremo = We will haveAvrete = you (plural) will haveAvranno = They will have...

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