Verbs

Friday, June 1st, 2012
To conjugate a reflexive verb in the past tense (passato prossimo) we need: 1. a subjectThe subjects in Italian are:io = Itu = you (informal) lui = helei = sheLei = you (formal)noi = wevoi = you (plural)loro = theyLoro = You (plural and formal)2. a matching reflexive pronoun (each subject has its own matching pronoun)The subjects with their matching pronouns areio - mitu - tilui - silei - siLei - sinoi - civoi - viloro - siLoro - si3. a form of the verb "essere"EssereIo sono = I amTu sei =
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The conditional perfect is a tense that is used to express the idea of "would have." Some examples of sentences in the conditional perfect in English are:1. I would have bought a house, but I didn't have the money.2. She woud have come but she was ill.Here is how you do it:1. You need the conditional tense of the verb Avere Avrei = I would haveAvresti = You (singular) would haveAvrebbe = he/she would haveAvremmo = We would haveAvreste = you (plural) would haveAvrebbero = They would have2. You
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Il Gerundio Il Gerundio nella lingua italiana esprime l'idea del verbo in funzione di complemento (di tempo, di modo, di mezzo, di causa ecc); es. Lavorando ( = col lavoro) mi guadagno la vita; Avendo sbagliato ( = A causa dello sbaglio) sono stati puniti. Il gerundio ha solo 2 tempi: presente e passato. Il presente ha il valore di ogni altro presente; la parte che cambia è la parte finale che si aggiunge alla radice del verbo: -ando per i verbi in -are; -endo per i verbi in -ere/-ire/- isc.
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The Italian language has two future tenses - il Futuro Semplice and il Futuro Composto while English has only one future tense.   IL FUTURO SEMPLICE The simple future tense (il Futuro Semplice) in Italian is used to talk about future actions. Stasera telefonero’ alla mia amica. Tonight I’ll call my friend. Mio figlio fara’ l’esame domani. My son will take an exam tomorrow. Stasera parlero' con mia moglie. This evening I will talk with my wife. The future tense is formed by adding
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The trapassato prossimo is a tense that is used to express what you had done. example: By the time you arrived we had already finished = Ora che tu arrivavi noi avevamo già finito.Here's how you do it:For most verbs you will need to use the imperfect of the verb "avere" and then add your past participle. So the formula is the imperfect of avere + the past participleOK, so we need to learn the imperfect of the verb "avere" which means "to have"avere in the imperfect tenseavevo I avevi you (
Friday, June 1st, 2012
ITALIAN REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS The reflexive pronouns (i pronomi reflessivi), mi, ti, si, ci, vi, si, are identical in form to direct object pronouns, except for the third-person form si (which is the same in the singular and in the plural). The following table includes the reflexive pronouns in Italian. PERSON SINGULAR PLURALI mi (myself) ci (ourselves)II ti (yourself) vi (yourselves)III si (himself; herself; itself; yourself, formal) si (themselves; yourselves, formal)To see how reflexive
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The imperfect tense is probably one of the easiest tenses to form in Italian since it has very few irregular verbs. We use the imperfect tense to describe past tense events that are ongoing or have no definite end. This tense many times corresponds to the English expressions "was" "were" and "used to". When we use these expressions we are talking about an event in the past that never really stopped. Here are some examples: When I was young I used to go to the movies all the time. They were
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The future perfect is a tense that is used to express the idea of "will have." Some examples of sentences in the future perfect in English are:1. By the time you arrive we will have already left= Ora che tu arrivi, io sarò già partito2. I will have already bought the car by the time you can loan me the money= Avrò già comprato la macchina ora che puoi imprestarmi i soldi.   Here is how you do it:1. You need the future tense of the verb Avere Avrò = I will haveAvrai = You (singular) will
Friday, June 1st, 2012
"Dare" is a very common verb in the Italian language and means "to give". In this article we are going to examine how this verb and its synonyms are used in Italian. It is important to note that "dare", like "andare" and "stare", is an irregular verb, which means that it is not conjugated in the same way as a regular verb is. With irregular verbs in Italian there may be a different ending or a different stem of the word. "Dare" can also mean to pay, charge, give up, let have or hand over.
Friday, June 1st, 2012
ITALIAN FOR BEGINNERS TEMPO PRESENTE - PRESENT TENSE Italian has one present tense - il Tempo Presente that is equivalent to two present tenses in English, present indicative (she lives) and present progressive (I'm writing). The present tense in Italian is formed by adding endings to the verbs. There are two types of verbs, regular and irregular and they follow different patterns to form present tense. PRESENT TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS Depending on the vowel in the infinitive form all
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Verbs can be used in different ways, active, passive and reflexive forms. When the subject of the sentence is doing the action we use the active form: Es. Tu meriti un premio. = You deserve a prize. In the passive voice the verb is changed so its object becomes the grammatical subject. When the "agent"of the action is specified, the passive voice is expressed by the following sentence: Subject + essere + past participle + da + agent Es. Questa barca è stata costruita da Carlo. =  This
Friday, June 1st, 2012
    Modal verbs are words used to give additional information about the main verb in a sentence, a verb being a word that expresses existence, action, or occurrence. In Italian the following words are modal verbs: Volere (to want to) - io voglio Potere (to be able to) - io posso Dovere (to have to) - io devo     Modal Verbs - Present Tense Io posso Tu puoi Egli può Noi possiamo Voi potete Essi possono Io voglio Tu vuoi Egli/ella vuole Noi vogliamo Voi volete Essi
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Italian Reflexive Verbs Verbs in Italian are called reflexive when the subject is carrying out the action with respect to himself or herself, for example when a man combs his hair.  As you might expect, not all verbs can be reflexive:  only the ones that the subject can do himself, such as falling asleep.  To create a reflexive verb, you add the ending -si, etiher at the end of the verb in its infinitive state (addomentarsi) or before the verb when it is conjugated (si e' addormentato
Friday, June 1st, 2012
In Italian language subjunctive mood is expanding and it's active, however in modern English it's disappearing. The subjunctive mood  expresses doubt, (I doubt they'll come = io dubito che loro vengano), possibility, emotion or an uncertain event (I hope that you'll come = spero che tu venga). The Italian subjunctive is used mainly in subordinate clauses following a set phrase or conjunction, such as benché, senza che, prima che, or perché. As I already said, it is also used with verbs of
Friday, June 1st, 2012
INTRO TO ITALIAN VERBS AND CONIUGATIONS Mp3 Audio: It look's like you don't have Adobe Flash Player installed. Get it now. Learning Italian I verbi hanno un ruolo fondamentale nel meccanismo delle frasi. Non può esserci una frase con significato compiuto senza il verbo. Attorno ad esso si organizzano i diversi elementi che servono ad esprimere un’idea. In questa sezione imparerete a usare i verbi italiani, utilizzando le forme semplici e complesse, i verbi attivi e passivi e
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The future tense is used in order to express events that will happen in the future. Any Italian verb that is conjugated in the future tense is translated back into English with the word "will"In order to conjugate a verb in the future tense, you always start with your infinitive. Remember that infinitives end in "are" "ere" and "ire".The next thing I have to do is to drop the final "e" from the infinitive.The third thing I do is to add the appropriate ending depending on what the subject of
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Verbs in Italian Grammar Il verbo può indicare un'azione che passa direttamente su un complemento detto oggetto o diretto come: Mangio il pane; Guardo la campagna, Rompo la noce, in cui l'idea di mangiare, del guardare, del rompere, non si può concepire senza quella dell'oggetto su cui ricadono queste azioni. Tali verbi si dicono TRANSITIVI perchè appunto l'azione passa dal soggetto sul complemento oggetto. Se il verbo indica una azione che, compiuta dal soggetto, resta in esso, come: io
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Learn Italian - Italian for beginners In English, the past tense is a simple tense meaning it is only made up of a single verb. For example: I spoke . In Italian however, the past is a compound tense meaning that it is made up of an auxilary verb and a past partciple. So in Italian you wouldn't say "I spoke" but rather 'I have spoken (io ho parlato ). Here is how you do it: First we need to learn th verb "avere" which means "to have" avere in the present tense Io Ho = I have Tu Hai = you (
Friday, June 1st, 2012
The imperative tense in Italian expresses a command (sit down - siediti, come here - vieni qui, bring me the ticket - prendimi il biglietto, etc...), but it can also express an invitation to do or to have something: have some cake, feel fre to ask, etc). In English, commands can be interpreted as rude and insensitive, but we can hear often them in informal Italian, but the most important thing is don't use this informal imperative with strangers, because it could be considered quite rude
Friday, June 1st, 2012
  For many learning Italian it's confusing as to when to use the passato prossimo (present perfect) rather than the past (passato). Things get even more complicated when you add geography into the equation. In the South of Italy you will find many people who use the passato when speaking, which while common is not correct. In the North, however, the majority of people will use the correct passato prossimo, which expresses the past. For example, many Southern Italians will say "ieri uscimmo a
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Most of the time the past tense in Italian is formed by taking the verb "avere" + the past participle. There are however some cases where instead of using "avere" we must use essere + the past particple Here is the conjugation of "essere"sono = I amsei = You are (singular)è = He/she issiamo = we aresiete = you are (plural)sono = they areWe take one of the above forms (depending on which one we want to use) and then we add our past participle. Just to be sure that you know how to form a past
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Verbs can be active or passive voice. This means that when the subject of the verb does the action of the verb, we can say the verb is active, alternatively a verb is in the passive voice if the subject has the action of the verb made. The passive voice (la forma passiva) is a construction in which the direct object becomes the subject and the subject becomes the agent.   Only transitive verbs have passive form. The Italian passive voice is form exactly the same way as in English: the
Friday, June 1st, 2012
Tempo Passato : Italian Past Tense Italian uses two past tenses to describe actions that happened in the past, L’imperfetto (the imperfect tense) and Passato Prossimo (the perfect tense). L’IMPERFETTO This tense is used to describe actions that continued in the past over a period of time or occurred multiple times. In Italian this tense is formed by a single verb while in English it is formed by two verbs, an auxiliary verb and an past participle. Ascoltavo la radio. I was listening to the
Friday, June 1st, 2012
In Italian grammar, we use the conditional tense when it refers to an action that is possible or likely, but dependent upon a condition. Example: I would go on holiday, but I haven't enough time. Vorrei andare in vacanza ma non ho abbastanza tempo It can be used in two tenses, the present, by conjugation of the appropriate noun, or the past, using the auxiliary conjugated in the conditional, with the past participle of the appropriate noun: Ex: Mangerei un sacco se avessi molta
Friday, June 1st, 2012
  A verb is an action word and a variable part of speech that depends on four elements: Subject Tense Mood Conjugations   Subject: Refers to the person (first, second, third, singular and plural). Tense: Reflects whether the action is taking place in the past, present or future. For example: "I'm eating the apple" or "I ate the apple" ("Io mangio la mela" or "Io mangiai la mela"). Conjugation: The correct conjugation of a verb is required to express the tense. Mood or Manner of