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Italian Car Model
American tourists, being used to large pick-up truks are always amazed when they see this little micro truck roaming around all the small towns in Italy. This micro truck has been an essential business transportation since post WW2 Italy. Outside the main cities Italy has thousands of small town most of the designed in the medieval times , many of them on top of a hill or mountain to better defend against invaders. These town have small, small streets where the Ape is King.
In 1964 Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo introduced a range of small cars: the Giulia 1300, 1300TI and the 1300 Super. These three versions of the Giulia all came in a four-door design and a version of a twin-cam 1290 cc engine. The cars came with five-speed transmission and front disc brakes with the TI having more power at 82bhp. Between 1964 and 1972 over a quarter of a million Giulia 1300s were manufactured.
The Lancia Flavia was a medium-sized luxury car first launched at the Turin Motor Show in 1960 with a 1500 cc engine. The car was manufactured by Lancia and by 1961 would be introduced into all major European markets. The Cabriolet and Coupe versions, developed by Pininfarina, were also soon introduced along with a few specials like the Zagato Coupe, which was quite eye catching.
An alternative to many of the smaller models produced by Fiat, the 128 is a car designed for families. Launched in 1969 the 128 was to be produced until 1985. Though the overall look and styling of the car was quite similar to both the Fiat 124 and Fiat 125, the 128 was very influential because of its engineering, as the model became a pioneer in the front wheel drive design revolutionized by Fiat. Like the Mini, the 128 had a transverse mounted engine, though the main breakthrough for the car was the use of drive shafts that were unequal in length. The unequal drive shafts allowed the gearbox and the engine to be located next to each other; a layout that would continue to be popular with small cars after the Fiat 128 was launched.
The Fiat 127 first appeared in the Italian marketplace in 1971 to replace the popular 850 model. The Fiat 127 was to be produced until 1983 when it was replaced by the Fiat Uno. Originally the 127 was only available as a two-door and it would later be produced as a three-door hatchback. The hatchback was similar to the original in style and featured folding seats and a rear door. The 127 was the first supermini hatchback to roll off at the Fiat manufacturing line.
At the 1963 Geneva Motor Show the Italian car manufacturer Lancia introduced the Fulvia, a model they would produce until 1976. Fulvia cars are well known in automobile history and won the International Rally Championship in 1972. While testing this car and its engine in 1967 Road & Track magazine described the car as being a precise machine with state of the art engineering.
Computer technology has made a dramatic impact on the auto industry; in the past 10 years the integration of computer chips in many of the features related to safety as well as creature comforts has tripled from the previous decade. Now in addition to the functionality of the car itself, technology is being used to enhance the driving skills as well as the ability to communicate via telephone without taking your eyes off the road or your hands off the wheel.
Many of the Italian cars that are driven today have their origins in the concept or prototype cars of the past. “Supercars” are most definitely the most spectacular in design, defying convention in many case with the objective of unveiling the extreme possibilities of automotive design. Truly the supercar is a fine example of fantasy on four wheels, with many of the most outstanding Italian designers establishing their reputations with innovations in the form and function of these vehicles.