Infant and Children Educational Schools
The Epochal Reggio Emilia Program
The epochal Reggio Emilia program for children up to the age of 5 is one of the most exciting developments in the world of education in our age. It may be seen as an extension of the enquiring and liberal traditions of this culturally-rich part of Northern Italy. It is used as a model by progressive educators around the world and has the potential to rival the long and abiding list of contributions to medicine and psychiatry that has distinguished Bologna in academic circles for generations. The local community has adopted this unique approach for over two decades now and the methodology is recognized as being optimal in bringing out the most creative expressions in infants and young children, whilst protecting their rights.
The Reggio Emilia approach to developing young and formative minds follows 7 key principles:
- Teaching is based on what children seem to want to learn and on their deduced interests.
- Children are allowed to determine the course of teaching and its form.
- Multiple forms of expression are encouraged for holistic development.
- Team building and group work is actively fostered.
- Teachers are committed to a flexible approach to their vocation in the best interests of their wards.
- Records of work done by children and their progress is preserved with diligence and used in an analytical framework.
- Interior decor of classrooms and ambience are used to enhance the learning experience.
The Reggio Emilia system sets infants on a lifetime of discovery and civilized tolerance that has characterized the people of this area during the past one thousand years and more. It is based on an undying optimism about the power of the human intellect to discern and to interpret complex data to form useful conclusions.
Much time is spent in listening to the developing vocabulary of infants and observing their preferences, interests and choices as they begin to increasingly use their minds. Parents interact with teachers in great depth and frequently, in order to try and uncover the particular calling and strengths that each child seems to have.
All media are used to bring information before the children and the time spent on individual sets of information is carefully tailored to meet individual interests. Children are encouraged to express themselves, even when they are very small and are given lead in how they can gainfully spend their study and activity times.
Writing, reading and speaking are not the only skills that are imparted and every attempt is made to appeal to the type of intelligence and capability that each child seems to possess. The spirit is to locate and encourage the strengths of a child rather than follow the much regimented style of learning that has produced mediocrity and suffocated creative forces in so many other established teaching systems.
Children are encouraged to communicate, interact and bond with each other and with their parents and teachers in like manner. The collaborative and expressive tendencies of children are given leads and much effort is made to form teams that help each member reach further than the individual can hope to do. This greatly accelerates and helps the learning process.
Teachers don the garbs of learners and researchers with as much ease as they perform directorial and administrative roles. They are flexible in time schedules and approach to curricula, so that the needs and wants of children are never suppressed or ignored. This helps the teachers to evolve as people and enables them to remain relevant and current as the environment undergoes subtle change.
All work done by children is kept with care and their interaction is recorded as often as possible. These records are studied over time and used for key deductions regarding the progress of the students and about their ongoing and future needs. This approach eliminates or at least reduces the subjective and sometimes repressive judgment of children and lends itself to validation and research as well.
Colors and fixtures used in classrooms are used as active and major means of education. Children are encouraged to use all their senses in the learning process and have many demonstrative ways of acquiring information and knowledge. The learning process is kept very alive with constant reference to the immediate world around. The classroom layout facilitates collaborative and group learning in a caring and helpful atmosphere.
It is a fact that Reggio Emilia has been a center of sustained excellence in the fields of education and citizenship for generations. There can be no doubt about the area's cultural and literacy achievements and it has surely produced many of the great thinkers such as Copernicus over the ages. The full and exact reasons for such an unusual concentration of human intellectual accomplishment is moot, but there can be no denying that the Reggio Emilia approach to raising infants and to primary education is exemplary and worthy of unabashed copy.