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Italian National Parks II
Parco Nazionale delle Dolomiti Bellunesi - Was created in the Veneto Region in order to preserve a territory of extraordinary scenic and naturalistic value. The mountain peaks of Feltre and the Serva mountain, were already famous in the 18th century for their rare flora specimens. This is due to the exceptional environmental variety and geographical location, located on the southeastern Alps, in a hard-to-reach region.
Parco Nazionale delle Cinque Terre - In the Liguria Region, it is listed in the UNESCO environmental and cultural, worldwide patrimony, which has to be guarded and improved. Coastlines overhanging the sea, have coves and small beaches, thousands of kilometres of dry built walls bordering terraces on which grapevines are grown, medieval boroughs, shrines and panoramic promenades on the sea and hillsides. Let us not forget the local fine wines, food and the works of local artisans.
Parco Nazionale del Gargano - In the Puglia Region, is an uninhabited island, detached from the rest of the Italian peninsula, by the Tavoliere delle Puglie. Of a calcareous nature, is rich in karstic shapes, such as caves and sinkholes. Originally, the promontory was covered with forests, now, unfortunately, it has 15% less.
Parco Nazionale del Gennargentu e Golfo di Orosei - Located in Sardinia, in one of the most wild and picturesque areas of the island. Not having particularly tall mountains, the Gennargentu mountain group, withdraws towards east and south of the Flumenosa river valley, while the part known as the Supramonte, is a vast area covered with ancient forests, deep gorges, and an incredible amount of caves. Finally the coast of Orosei, with its mountainsides diving directly into the sea. Being a very isolated place, it has a great variety of indigenous species and sub-species as the Papilio Hospiton, a gorgeous, protected, butterfly. Many indigenous reptiles are also present in the Corsica Island and in the Tuscan Archipelago.
We can also find the moufflon, the Sardinian deer, wildcat and fox, the dormouse and various other species. Many birds such as the griffon hawk, the queen’s hawk, royal eagle, Sardinian goshawk, sparrow hawk and buzzard. The flora is very widespread with centennial hollies and local species as the Euphrasia Genargetea and the Ribes Sardum. These species are only present only in this area of the world.
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso - Located between the Val d’ Aosta and Piedmont regions, it was the first Italian national park created (1922). It sits on 70,318 hectares of high mountainous terrain ranging from the 800 meters of the valleys to the 4,061 meters of the Gran Paradiso peak. Pine trees and larch woods, vast alpine prairies, rocks and glaciers are the right scenario for a various and rich, high mountains, fauna and flora life.
Parco Nazionale del Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga - In the Abruzzo Region, the park has 150,00 hectares of extension, making it one of the largest of Italy. Its various and rich in nature and runs between three mountain groups: Gran Sasso - the highest peak of the Apennines Mountain Chain, rises 2,912 meters above sea level - Massiccio della Laga and the Monti Gemelli. This mountain chain, is the only one with a glacier in the entire Apennines, known as the ‘Calderone’.
Parco Nazionale della Majella - Also in the Abruzzo Region, the mountain of the Majella was named by the Latin writer, Plinio il Vecchio, known as the ‘father of the mountains’. High, massive and wild, this mountain group is part of the World patrimony of National Parks. Composed by four, great groups: Majella, Porrara, Morrone and the Pizzi Mountains, all with its valleys and karstic plains. It’s a national park which, because of its geographical position, size, prominence, and its changing climate, is the only one in its kind. It encloses wide lands, with its peculiar wildlife and its biodiversity, of European and worldwide importance.
Parco Nazionale Monti Sibillini - Between the Marche and Umbria regions, in the heart of Italy, stands this mountain chain, with the Monte Vettore, 2,476 meters above sea level. It was founded in 1993, on 70,000 hectares, and named after the virgin Sibilla, mythological figure who could foretell the future. Its a park shaped, in size, for every individual, so to be considered ‘the Park for everyone’. Wolf, eagle, peregrine falcon and many other local species, are the most evident signs of the local variety of its biological richness. Besides all the small towns, full of medieval treasures, sorounding the park.
Parco Nazionale Del Pollino - Its the largest protected area in the country. It sits between the mountain peaks of Dolcedorme and Cozzo del Pellegrino - on the mountain chains of the Calabria and Lucania regions overlooking the Tyrrhenian and Jonio seas.
Parco Nazionale della Sila - Has one of the most evocative and wild areas of the Calabria region with vast and beautiful forests stretching out on the Polino Park, the Aspromonte and the Etna Volcano, as well as on the Jonio, and Tyrrhenian seas where the Eolie Islands can be seen in the distance.