Roman Streets: Via Appia
Continues from Part One of the Via Appia
The city of Capua began as an ancient Etruscan city and by 312 BC the city was the terminus of the newly finished Via Appia. The ancient highway would later be extended to Brindisi and this ancient version of Capua would be destroyed by the Saracens in the 9th century AD. Today the city covers both banks of the river and is a pleasant stop on your travels with nice churches and a Roman amphitheatre outside of town. The Via Appia travels through the southern part of town, past the ancient Ponte Romano and Capua castle, with its intact star fortifications looking over the town. The ancient route can still be followed in Capua as you can cross the river into what was once the ancient town of Casilinum by an ancient three-arched bridge.
As the might of Rome began to expand through the whole Italian peninsula, so did their roads. The original Appian Way stopped at Capua; however the road was expanded to the port of Brindisi along the 'heel of the boot'. In this segment of the journey along the Via Appia, we pick up the modern route outside the city of Capua.
Via Appia: Capua to Benevento
On the outskirts of Capua, along the route towards Santa Maria Capua Vetere, the ancient ruins of Capua can be seen. The communities of Santa Maria Capua Vetere and Curti now occupy the ancient terminus of the Appian Way. In the center of Curti, the SS7 highway again splits from the Via Appia Antica, taking different routes on the way to the town of Maddaloni.
The Via Appia Nazionale takes a more northerly route through the city of Caserta and passes by the gorgeous Royal Palace of Caserta. The palace is an UNESCO World Heritage Site, with magnificent gardens and certainly worth visiting. The Via Appia Antica however takes a less scenic route through San Nicola la Strada. From Maddaloni the Via Appia continues along through small comunities like Santa Maria a Vico and the castle town of Montesarchio before reaching Benevento.
Via Appia: Benevento to Avellino
The city of Benevento has seen prosperity for centuries, and has bestowed upon it numerous sights worth visiting. From ancient Roman ruins like the Arch of Trajan, to impressive medieval churches, the area is also known for culinary delights and the famous Strega liqueur. The Via Appia does not actually enter the city; Benevento makes a perfect stopping point on your journey.
The Via Appia continues south through Campania winding past small towns before reaching Avellino. This is another beautiful town with that makes for a nice stop before moving on.
Via Appia: Avellino to Potenza
Upon leaving Avellino the Via Appia diverts from the SS7 highway as it heads east into the mountains and follows the torturous route of the SS400. However, the SS7 continues along a modern road to the south of this route and meets back up with the older route just outside the town of Lioni. From Lioni, the Via Appia continues through the small towns of like Sant'Andrea di Conza before entering Basilicata.
Potenza is the capital of Basilicata and has had a long and colorful history. This city has suffered from both bombs and earthquakes in its recent history but still retains many architectural treasures such as several churches and former city gates.
Via Appia: Potenza to Taranto
After Potenza, the Via Appia winds its way uphill past sever small hill towns, like Grassano, towards the city of Matera. This city is well-known for the ancient rock-hewn dwellings known as the Sassi and has a wide sampling of Southern Italian religious architecture.
From Matera the Via Appia passes through the agricultural heartland of Basilicata and Puglia. The route passes the small communities of Laterza, Castellaneta, Palagianello and Massafra before reaching the port city of Taranto.
Although the Via Appia enters Taranto through some heavily industrialized areas, the rest of the city is very nice. Taranto has a long history and the sights to match, including the imposing Castello Aragonese, Ponte Girevole (the famous swing bridge) and magnificent ocean views. The city's archaeological museum houses many ancient Greek and Roman treasures discovered in the area.
Via Appia,the oldest street in the world.
Via Appia: Taranto to Brindisi
From Taranto the Via Appia continues on its last leg towards the Adriatic port city of Brindisi. The road is a highway that shoots along the heel of Italy's boot. The Via Appia passes close to some small communities like Grottaglie, Francavilla Fontana, Latiano and Mesagne as well as idyllic Southern Italian farmland.
It is here in Brindisi that the Via Appia finally ends, marked by an ancient Roman column by the sea. The busy port of Brindisi is a perfect end to such an adventure with its imposing medieval structures including the large Swabian Castle. Brindisi has an absolutely gorgeous harbor and is still an active naval port. What is even more fun, if you want to continue your journey, Brindisi is a major ferry port for the Mediterranean.
By Justin Demetri
See also via Appia part I
Sources/For More Information
Roman Roads at Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_roads