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168,187 inhabitants. Right in Umbria, one of the regions in the center of Italy that is becoming a major stop for American tourists, Perugia is a couple of hours drive north of Rome. Perugia is a hill town about 400 meters above sea level and like most cities in central Italy, Perugia was an Etrurian settlement absorbed by the growing Roman Empire, making it a city that has diverse traditions and architectural styles. On this note, it is possible to visit the Etrurian Well that is not only an historical site, but is today still the main water source in the city. Besides the well, there are many Etrurian tombs, many of which are the most well preserved examples of this culture that didn't leave much behind.
Castello del Leone means the Fortress of Lion in Italian. The castle is located in the town of Castiglione del Lago and had been built by Emperor Frederick II. Castiglione del Lago is located in the Perugia province in the region of Umbria. The town is located on the southwestern side of Lake Trasimeno. The town is located 59 km from Orvieto, 21 km from Chiusi and 56 km from Arezzo while Crotona is 21 km and Perugia is located 47 km from the town.
The historic city of Assisi is dominated by two large medieval castles. The larger castle is known as Rocca Maggiore which is an imposing bastion that looms over the hill town, intimidating potential invaders. The castle as seen today is mainly the work of Cardinal Albornoz, with several later additions by Popes Pius II and Paul III.
History of the Todi Castle
If visiting Perugia be sure to visit Rocca Paolina, which may not be the first castle to be built in the city, but is certainly one of the most important. Built in 1373 after Cardinal Aegidius Albornoz wrested control of Umbria and Tuscia from Pope Innocent VI, it was meant as a testament to the cardinal's prowess and power.
Those visiting the town of Orvieto will find the historical fortress of Fontezza dell'Albornoz on the left side of the Piazza Cahen. The castle was founded by Spanish Cardinal Albornoz, under the orders of Pope Innocent VI and from the designs of Ugolino di Montemarte, at a site that once held an Etruscan temple and was meant to be a safe base for the Church in the area.
History of the Castle
The town of Narni is a part of the Umbria region and is located on a stunning limestone cliff overlooking the Black River. Rocca Albornoz is one of the town's most notable landmarks. Built in the 14th century the Rocca Albornoz was originally a military structure meant to protect the territory from invasions and is now used for various exhibitions and for various conferences.
History of the Castle
Rocca Flea, or the Flea Fortress, is a fortified castle located in the town of Gualdo Tadino in the region of Umbria in central Italy. The castle is located on the upper part of the same hill as the town itself. The castle dates back to the reconstruction of the town in 1237 and is thought to have been built during the Lombard times.
Lake Trasimeno is also known as Lake Thrasimene or Trasimene. Located south of the River Po, the lake covers an area of 128 sq km which is only slightly less than Lake Como. The River Tiber flows a few kilometers away from Trasimeno, but the two are separated by hills. No other major lakes flow in or out of Trasimeno and the level of its water can fluctuate wildly depending on the amount of rainfall and the water utilized by nearby towns.
History of the Lake
The town of Assisi will forever be associated with its most famous son, Saint Francis, the founder of the Franciscan order. A town located in the Umbria region of Italy in the province of Perugia, Assisi is also the birthplace of St. Clare and St. Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows. The town's vast collection of medieval art and famous buildings, including the great Basilica di San Francesco, has ensured its inclusion on UNESCO's World Heritage List and makes it a must-see for travellers.
If you are visiting Perugia and have indulged in your share of chocolate and architecture you may want to make a trip to Bastia Umbra, a town of about 20,000. Here you will find ruins dating back to the Romans, beautiful churches, charming streets and more medieval architecture than you can shake a stick at.
Getting to Bastia Umbra
Città di Castello is a city located in north Umbria, in the province of Perugia. The town's location in the valley of the Tiber River, and surrounded by the Apennines, is picturesque to say the least. When visiting Città di Castello one can't help but imagine how the town of all-brick buildings would have looked at the time of the town's founding, which is thought to date back to the Iron Age and the Etruscans.
Orvieto is a comune and town located in the Umbria region of Italy. The town is located on top of a flat butte which is made from volcanic tuffa stone. The location of the town is one of the most beautiful sites in Europe as it rises from the top of a vertical cliff, surrounded by various medieval walls.
The city has been populated since the Etruscan times and it was a major hub during the time the Etruscans lived in the area. Various artifacts and objects have been found in the region dating back to the Etruscan times which have now been kept in the archeological museum of the town.
Assisi is a comune and town located in the Umbria region in Italy in the province of Perugia. The town is located on the west of Monte Subasio and is mainly famous as the birth place of St. Francis. St. Francis had started the Franciscan religious order in Assisi in 1208. St. Clare was also born in the town.