Capital of Friuli

Trieste - Panorama - Photo courtesy of ryogt/Wikimedia

Trieste is the capital of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region and has a population of close to 260,000. The city is located on the main trade route, leading to the Germans towards the north, Latin countries in the west and to Mediterranean destinations in the south. The city is internationally known for its mercantile, cultural and artistic heritage.

There are several good examples of various architectural styles ranging from a Roman arch and theater, Austrian architecture and even a confluence of various Mediterranean styles. The city had been a very important port in Italy in the 18th century, which has left the city in a beautiful state. Trieste is considered to be one of the most important tourist destinations in the region because of its many important sight seeing attractions.

Getting to Trieste

Trieste is a large city and an important tourist center so it is quite easy to reach the city. There is an airport in the city which has many domestic flights coming in from Genoa, Rome and Milan. Many international flights also reach Trieste from locations like Copenhagen, Munich, London, Prague, Belgrade and Bristol. There is a train station in the city which has plenty of trains coming in regularly from Udine, Venice, Rome and Milan. There are also some trains which reach the city from locations like Zagreb, Budapest, Maribor and Ljubljana. Plenty of buses also operate in the region. Those who are travelling by car can take the A4 highway from Venice.

Moving Around the City

Like most places in Italy, Trieste is a fun place for walking around admiring its old architecture and its many narrow lanes which are dotted with cafes. There is also a public bus system in the area which is very punctual. The information is available on their website. The tickets are available easily from most tobacconists and from vending machines at the bus stops. Since Trieste is not a very large city, most sight seeing attractions can be explored on foot.

Attractions in Trieste

Miramar Castle

Trieste - Miramar Castle

The Miramar Castle had been built in 1856 according to the designs of Carl Junker who worked for Archduke Maximilian. The gardens of the castle are very beautiful with a variety of trees. There re two ponds with swans and lotus flowers in the garden, an annex, a large statue of Maximilian in bronze and a tiny chapel in which a cross is kept which had been made from the Novara remains.

San Giusto Castle

The San Giusto castle had been built on the remains of the various castles which had existed at the location. The construction of the castle took around 200 years to finish. The central part of the castle had been built at the time of Frederick II in the 15th century, the Venetian bastion in a round shape had been built in the 16th century and the Pomis had been built in the 17th century.

Trieste - San Giusto Cathedral

The Cathedral

The cathedral of Trieste is the main religious monument in the city. The first building had been built in the 6th century over the remains of a Roman edifice, using its structure. Inside the symbols of Minerva, Juno and Jupiter had been found. Of the original building the mosaic floor still remains which has been integrated to the floor of the present day cathedral.

Arch of Riccardo

One of the oldest monuments of the city is the Roman arch of Riccardo dating back to 33 BC. This is a large gate which had been built as a part of the ancient walls during the Roman times. The gate is located in Piazzetta Barbacan in the old town. It is believed that Richard of England had crossed this gate because of which the gate is named so.

Roman Theater

Trieste - Roman Amphitheatre

Another ancient Roman monument in the city is the ancient theater. The Roman Theater is located at the base of the hill of San Giusto and it faces the sea. The theater makes use of the slope of the hill on which it is located. The construction of the theater had been mostly done in stone. The top parts of the steps and of the stage have been built with wood. During an excavation and restoration project which had been conducted in 1930s various ancient statues had been found which had once been used for decorating the theater. These are now kept at the Town Museum. Three inscriptions had also been discovered on which Q. Petronius Modestus had been mentioned. It is believed that the theater had been built in 1st century BC.

Stay and Accommodation

Trieste is a very important tourist destination in the region and it attracts thousands of tourists each year. There are plenty of good accommodation options to choose from for visitors. There are many luxury and world class hotels in the city as well as many budget hotels. There are a few hostels and bed & breakfasts in the city which provides inexpensive rooms to travelers. Some of the best accommodation options in Trieste are Tergeste Youth hostel, Hotel Porta Cavane,  B&B Adria, Hotel Roma, NH Jolly Trieste and Greif Maria Theresia.

Eating in Trieste

Trieste would be a perfect place for food lovers since the cuisine of the city reflects the many different cultures and people who have lived in the city over the centuries. In the city there are several restaurants where visitors would be able to even sample Slavic and Austrian dishes. Some traditional dishes to look out for in Trieste are Caldaia which is boiled pork, Jota is a soup, gnocchi, Brodetto, risotto, Bruscandoli, Sardoni, pinza and various delicious Austrian cakes like Sacher torte, sturcolo cotto and Krapfen.

Shopping in Trieste

In Trieste visitors can purchase beautiful paintings and glasswork from Venice and France from many shops. In Piazza Unita and the Ghetto visitors would find Austrian silverware, antiques, glassware and furniture. There are several good shops in the city which sell historic photographs, beautiful postcards, ancient books, antique engravings and prints which have been locally made by the artisans of the city.

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